L’Union européenne et les Roms : pauvreté, haine anti-Tziganes et gouvernance de la mobilité

Lors d’une récente communication au Parlement et au Conseil européen, la Commission européenne (2011) est revenue sur la question des Roms, suite aux événements relatifs aux expulsions de Roms roumains par la France l’été dernier. Cette intervention était très attendue car la Commission avait jusque là évité de prendre position sur ce sujet, laissant l’initiative aux États membres. Cette réticence était d’autant plus marquée lorsque les Roms résidaient dans les États membres les plus riches. […]

Extract from: Sigona, N. (2011) “L’Union européenne et les Roms : pauvreté, haine anti-Tziganes et gouvernance de la mobilité”, Cultures & Conflits, 1/2011 (n° 81-82), p. 213-222. URL: www.cairn.info/revue-cultures-et-conflits-2011-1-page-213.htm.

France, Italy and the renationalisation of EU borders

The political support behind the EU project is slowly but steadily fading away. The recent bilateral summit between the president of France and Italy’s prime minister while the latest of a series of signs of this trend, is also particularly relevant because involves two wealthy and (relatively) populous founding members of the EU. The preference for bilateral vs. multilateral negotiations is by itself symptomatic of the crisis. No one is surprised if a UK prime minister is EU-sceptical, that’s part of the game. It is a different story if France goes on war almost unilaterally, suspends Schengen preventively and Italy questions the very existence of the EU. And let’s not forget that no long ago Angela Merkel was reported threatening Germany withdrawal from the Euro. The revolutionary movements in North Africa and Middle East are providing yet another stage on which the EU drama is unfolding. Real, perceived or imagined human migration is at the core of the current tensions within the EU and among EU members. Can what should be a manageable flow of 30,000 migrants from Tunisia lead to the abolition of Schengen? The renationalisation of EU borders is in full motion. Cui prodest? Who benefits from this?

Neoliberalism and anti-Gypsyism in Europe

The latest issue of the French journal ‘Lignes‘ is dedicated to the Roma issue and offers a critical analysis of current discourses, policies and practices to govern the Romani minorities in France and Europe. Contributors include: Etienne Balibar, Jacques Ranciere, Jean-Loup Amselle and Cecile Canut. My contribution (co-authored with Nidhi Trehan) looks at the link between neoliberalism and anti-Gypsyism in Europe.

EU suspends case against France (NYTimes.com)

Paris, 19/10/2010 – The European Union suspended its disciplinary action against France on Tuesday for the expulsions of Roma migrants, saying that Paris had made sufficient commitments to rectify shortcomings in its immigration laws. The announcement was greeted with dismay by human rights’ groups, who fear that Brussels has handed a public relations victory to President Nicolas Sarkozy and worry about a lack of transparency from his government. Mr. Sarkozy said that he was “very happy that reason had triumphed” and that the decision “closes a period of controversy.”

Read more on http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/20/world/europe/20roma.html